Brussels, Belgium – One Saturday morning in late March, Milicia Praca and her roommate grabbed their passports and a bag of crisps and drove in direction of the border between Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) and the Republic of Serbia.

They have been eager to perform an essential process – enter Serbia, pull up their sleeves, and get vaccinated in opposition to COVID-19.

“We heard that Serbia had an extra provide of vaccines and was additionally providing them to foreigners. We immediately determined to journey to Belgrade to get our jabs as a result of the rollout of vaccines in Bosnia could be very sluggish,” stated Praca, a 29-year-old human rights activist based mostly in Banja Luka, Bosnia, who additionally holds Serbian citizenship.

Individuals wait to obtain a dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine at Belgrade Honest makeshift vaccination centre in Belgrade, Serbia, Saturday, March 27, 2021. 1000’s of vaccine-seekers from Serbia’s neighbouring states flocked to Belgrade after Serbian authorities supplied free coronavirus jabs for foreigners in the event that they present up over the weekend. Many arrived with their complete households, lengthy traces of Bosnians, Montenegrins, North Macedonians and Albanians flocked to the primary vaccination centre within the Serbian capital [File: Darko Vojinovic/AP Photo]

She is one among the many many vaccine vacationers who flocked to Belgrade after Serbian authorities introduced that they might offer free vaccines to everybody – no matter whether or not they have been residents or residents of the nation – between March 26 and 28.

Whereas border crossings between Serbia and Bosnia are frequent, Franka Vican, the spokesperson of the Border Police of BiH famous a pointy improve within the variety of residents crossing into the Republic of Serbia, after information about Serbia’s profitable inoculation drive unfold within the Balkan area.

“Between March 19 and March 31, we recorded 50,477 residents of BiH exiting the nation and driving in direction of the Republic of Serbia, in comparison with simply 41,436 residents the earlier month. It’s apparent that there’s a rise in border crossings,” she informed Al Jazeera.

Arriving on the vaccination centre in Belgrade, Praca noticed a number of navy personnel monitoring lengthy socially distanced queues of individuals from neighbouring Macedonia, Montenegro, Bulgaria and Albania who had all gathered to get vaccinated.

“I felt like I used to be in some type of struggle camp,” she stated.

Getting the vaccine was easy. Praca and her roommate had already registered on the federal government’s e-portal and after a fast verification of their private particulars, each obtained their dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine and returned house to Banja Luka, Bosnia, earlier than nightfall.

Why are folks travelling for a vaccine?

Since vaccines to sort out the pandemic have been found, their international rollout has been extraordinarily sluggish and unequal.

Some nations have additionally begun monopolising the worldwide inoculation drive by hoarding extra vaccines and making it more durable for poorer nations to realize entry.

In Europe, lower than 10 p.c of the area’s complete inhabitants has had entry to a primary dose.

This has prompted many individuals throughout the continent who’re twin residents or have a number of residencies to board planes, trains, buses and vehicles, and cross borders to get the jab sooner than they might the place they reside.

“I don’t see myself getting the vaccine anytime earlier than the summer time in Belgium and have determined to journey house to Saudi Arabia in July to get my shot,” stated Monzer Alaily, 29, a regulation scholar on the College of Ghent.

Solely 5 p.c of Belgium’s inhabitants has been totally vaccinated to this point, with the nation prioritising the aged and high-risk sufferers.

For Alaily, who has not seen his household for a 12 months, getting the vaccine in Saudi Arabia was a faster choice, because the kingdom permits each citizen and resident, no matter their age and well being standing, to register.

“As soon as I land within the nation, I have to make an appointment on the federal government’s vaccine portal referred to as the Sehhaty app and submit my residency particulars. I’ll then be eligible to get my dose inside a number of days,” he stated.

Moral questions

Whereas tourism for medical causes is nothing new, travelling for a COVID-19 vaccine poses moral challenges.

“In Europe, for an individual to actually drive to a different nation, get a vaccine and return house or to their place of residency, strikes me as unethical tourism,” stated Glenn Cohen, a professor at Harvard Legislation College, who has specialised in well being regulation coverage, biotechnology and bioethics.

“It will increase the danger of the unfold of COVID-19 and you might be taking a vaccine from somebody who’s entitled to it below that nation’s regulation. Individuals are placing themselves and others in danger as vaccine vacationers,” he stated.

However for human rights activist Praca, travelling to get the vaccine sooner has enabled her to assist weak folks in want, reasonably than expose them to additional well being dangers.

“In Bosnia, we don’t have sufficient vaccine doses and, as an activist, I really feel accountable to protest for the rights of my folks. Nevertheless it was essential to guard myself first. Since I had the flexibility and cash to cross the border and get the vaccine, I jumped on the alternative, and may now proceed my work safely and assist refugees and underprivileged communities in Bosnia additionally get the vaccine.”

Taylor Thompson, 31, shares an identical view.

Thompson works as a psychotherapist within the Netherlands and helps front-line staff with their psychological well being points.

However the uncertainty of the rollout within the European nation prompted him to fly again to his hometown in Texas, United States, to get vaccinated there, in order that he may proceed his work safely.

“Within the US, I qualify as a front-line employee myself and was eligible to get the vaccine as quickly as I landed. There’s a sense of hopelessness within the Netherlands relating to the vaccine and rollout. Like somebody my age should wait eternally. So I made a decision to journey for one,” stated Thompson.

Most European nations require folks to point out proof of residency, citizenship or share particulars about their nationwide medical insurance, to get vaccinated.

Professor Cohen believes these authorized necessities might discourage weak communities, resembling undocumented migrants, from attempting to get a jab.

“To sort out the pandemic, everyone needs to be eligible to get the vaccine within the area they reside in,” he stated.

Till each nation throughout the globe receives sufficient doses, Prof Cohen suggests encouraging vaccine exports reasonably than vaccine tourism.

“Assuming a rustic has surplus vaccines after vaccinating locals and the weak, it’s higher if that surplus is directed to nations which have the best want,” he stated, “reasonably than inviting folks in from exterior to get the shot. Surplus doses needs to be prioritised for weak nations. Not for the rich in much less weak locations.”