Royal Dutch Shell plans to ditch its twin share construction and transfer its tax residence from the Netherlands to the UK in a historic shift that sparked sharply divided reactions on both sides of the North Sea.

The oil and fuel supermajor, which is beneath hearth from Wall Avenue activist investor Third Point, stated a single class of shares would make buybacks simpler and recommended acquisitions and disposals can be easier because it pivots in direction of cleaner vitality.

However the transfer additionally has sharply differing implications for the UK and the Netherlands. The Dutch authorities stated it was an “unwelcome shock” and was in “dialogue with the administration of Shell over the results of this plan for jobs, essential funding choices and sustainability”. UK enterprise secretary Kwasi Kwarteng celebrated the “clear vote of confidence within the British financial system”.

The group has been included within the UK with Dutch tax residency and twin class shares since 2005. If the brand new plan is carried out, the tax residency will transfer to the UK and the group’s chief govt and chief monetary officer will even transfer nations. The “Royal Dutch” can be dropped from Shell’s title after 114 years.

“The simplification is designed to strengthen Shell’s competitiveness and speed up each shareholder distributions and the supply of its technique to grow to be a web zero emissions enterprise,” Shell stated on Monday.

Underneath the plans, Shell will nonetheless be listed in Amsterdam, London and New York however can have a single line of shares reasonably than the earlier A and B share construction.

“Shell is happy with its Anglo-Dutch heritage and can proceed to be a big employer with a serious presence within the Netherlands,” it stated, including that a number of divisions, together with its international upstream enterprise, would stay situated in The Hague.

Shell’s latest historical past within the Netherlands has had issues. In Could, a courtroom in The Hague dominated that Shell wanted to cut back its carbon footprint sooner and ordered it to chop extra emissions by 2030. Shell has stated it can meet a lot of the courtroom’s targets however can also be interesting against the decision.

Shell chair Andrew MacKenzie insisted the restructuring would have “no influence” on the authorized proceedings. “Shell is rising to satisfy the courtroom’s problem and has not too long ago introduced a brand new absolute emissions discount goal.

“The simplification will normalise our share construction beneath the tax and authorized jurisdictions of a single nation and make us extra aggressive,” MacKenzie stated. “Because of this, Shell can be higher positioned to grab alternatives and play a number one position within the vitality transition.”

The announcement comes a month after Third Level stated it had constructed a stake within the firm and urged the vitality main to separate into completely different firms to ship higher worth by the vitality transition.

Shell stated it had all the time meant to simplify the share construction, a legacy of the 2005 merger of Koninklijke Nederlandsche Petroleum Maatschappij and the Shell Transport and Buying and selling Firm — including that the proposal was a part of a long-term reorganisation plan.

Shareholders can be requested to vote on the modifications to Shell’s articles of affiliation at a basic assembly on December 10.

MacKenzie stated the proposal had the unanimous backing of the board, including that “advantages of the simplification will outweigh any potential prices related to it”.